Science Scope and Sequence, The Cell and Life

Science Standard V, Life Science

Lesson 501, The Cell and Life

Defining cell organelles (cell membrane, cell wall, cytoplasm, nuclear membrane, nucleus, vacuoles, ribosomes, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum)

Explaining diffusion

Distinguishing between permeable, impermeable, and selectively permeable

Defining active transport

Describing cellular respiration

Defining photosynthesis and chloroplasts

Describing the function of DNA, mRNA, and tRNA; explaining their role in protein synthesis and describing the double helix model

Describing mitosis

Describing meiosis

Knowing the principles of the cell theory

Explaining homeostasis, chemical synthesis, and essential energy

Understanding enzymes and enzyme regulation

Understanding osmosis and its role in living systems

Explaining the ATP energy cycle and including a diagram

Understanding the role of minerals in living systems

Understanding the structure of carbohydrates, lipids, and specific proteins

Understanding that complex interactions among the different kinds of molecules in the cell cause distinct cycles of activity governed by proteins

Understanding that cell behavior can be affected by molecules from other parts of the organism or even from other organisms

Understanding that organisms respond to internal and external stimuli

Defining amino acids and proteins


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