Science Scope and Sequence, Atomic Energy

Science Standard III, Chemistry

Lesson 312, Atomic Energy

Understanding what nuclear fission is

Knowing what an isotope is

Knowing the common isotopes of uranium

Knowing what mass numbers are

Understanding radioactive decay

Knowing what radiation is

Understanding half-life

Understanding chain reaction

Understanding that the first atom bombs worked using nuclear fission

Knowing that in 1945 the United States dropped devastating atom bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki which killed hundreds of thousands of people

Knowing that nuclear fission of uranium atoms can also be used to make electricity

Knowing that uranium is formed into long rods known as fuel rods

Knowing what a nuclear power plant’s core is

Understanding that if the core gets too hot, a meltdown could occur

Knowing what coolants, control rods, cadmium, and boron are and how they are used in nuclear power plants

Understanding what a turbine is and how it produces electricity

Understanding that there are positive and negative side effects of nuclear power

Understanding what nuclear waste is

Understanding what nuclear fusion is

Knowing what deuterium and tritium are

Knowing that fusion is used to make a hydrogen bomb

Understanding what cold fusion is

Understanding the dangers of exposure to various forms of energy


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