Use functions to model relationships between quantities.
Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x, y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of a linear function in terms of the situation it models, and in terms of its graph or a table of values. (8.F.4) [Also see F.BF.1 and F.LE.5]
More information and the complete College and Career Readiness Standards can be found here.